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People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and National Community Abroad

Algeria - Arab Maghreb Union

  1. The struggle of the Algerian people against colonialism was distinguished by the desire to include the Maghreb dimension of their struggle for liberation within the references of the National Movement and the literature of the liberation revolution and its basic documents, especially the statement of the first November 1954 and the Charter of the Soummam Congress of August 20, 1956.
  2. The Maghreb Union Struggle of Algeria emerged during the Liberation Revolution with the participation of a delegation representing the National Liberation Front at the Conference of Maghreb Parties held in Tangier from 28 to 30 April 1958.
  3. After independence, Algeria made the building of the Maghreb Union one of its priorities and the main pillars of its foreign policy. In the same vein, Algeria participated in the establishment of the Consultative Commission for the Arab Maghreb in 1964 to revitalize economic relations.
  4. In support of Algeria's desire to strengthen relations of cooperation and integration among Maghreb countries, and in anticipation of the building of a unified Maghreb space, Algeria has signed treaties of brotherhood, good neighborliness, and cooperation with all Maghreb countries:
  • Morocco: Treaty of fraternity, good-neighborliness and Cooperation of January 15, 1969;
  • Libya: Treaty of fraternity, good-neighborliness and Cooperation of 10 February 1969;
  • Tunisia: Treaty on fraternity, good-neighborliness and Cooperation of January 06, 1970;
  • Tunisia: Treaty of fraternity and Concord with Tunisia of 19 March 1983;
  • Mauritania: Mauritania acceded in 1984 to the Treaty of fraternity and Concord signed with Tunisia on 19 March 1983.
  1. Zeralda's statement, issued on June 10, 1988, on the sidelines of the Intifada Summit, convened and hosted by Algeria to support the struggle of the Palestinian people, was the main document that clearly recorded the will of Maghreb leaders to establish a Union. On July 13, 1988, the "Committee to Control Means to Achieve the Unity of the Arab Maghreb" held its first meeting in Algeria in implementation of the call of Zeralda's statement to establish the committee and to designate the city of Algiers as the venue for its meetings.
  2. On February 17, 1989, the late President Chadli Bendjedid, on behalf of Algeria, and the leaders of other Maghreb countries, the late Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, the late Moroccan King Hassan II, and the late Libyan President, Muammar Gaddafi, signed in Marrakesh a treaty establishing the Arab Maghreb Union and announced its creation.
  3. Since the establishment of the Arab Maghreb Union in 1989, Algeria has supported this project, given it the importance it deserves to achieve its objectives, worked to complete and concentrate its structures and institutions, and fulfilled all its obligations towards the Union, in this context:
  • Algeria regularly contributes to the payment of its financial shares in the budgets of various institutions of the Union;
  • Algeria hosts the Consultative Council of the Arab Maghreb Union and provides it with the headquarters, the full requirements for work, and the conditions for success;
  • At the end of 2010, Algeria subscribed and paid its contributions for the first quarter of the capital of the Maghreb Bank for Investment and Foreign Trade, estimated at $7.5 million, in order to implement the Bank project;
  • Algeria has ratified 29 of the 38 agreements concluded within the framework of the Union.
  1. As part of its efforts to build a Maghreb community consistent with its history and active in its environment, Algeria has incorporated the Maghreb dimension into its national development projects, realizing that these major strategic projects will contribute to the economic integration of the Maghreb. These projects include the East-West Highway, theelectrical connectivity, he fiber optic telephone link between Algeria and most of the Union countries, the expansion of the railway network, the gas pipeline linking Algeria and Europe through Tunisia, the "Trans-Mad Project", and through Morocco, the "GME Project". Algeria also initiated in 2003 the project of the Joint Maghreb Economic Community, which would stimulate economic integration and materialize opportunities for integration, with an emphasis on economic approach to overcoming political problems.
  2. Algeria assumed the presidency of the Arab Maghreb Union from April 1994 to the end of 2003. This period coincided with the darkest circumstances witnessed by the Union, as the Maghreb path was liable to collapse after some parties called for freezing its activities and others to renounce taking the rotating presidency.
  3. In order to activate the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) in line with regional and international mutations and the challenges facing the region, Algeria has since 2012 called to reform the entire Union system and repositioning of the Maghreb path on sound and solid basis.
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